Buddhism has become more and more popular hue. Entered in daily life, he lost much of his asceticism (su hanh kho). Tu Phap Pagoda (Four powers of the Doctrine) of Luy Lau mixed worship Buddha with primitive (nguyen thuy) worship Fertility (goddesses of Rain, Clouds, the Lightning, Thunder). This syncretism has given birth to the architecture reserving the front of the Buddhas Pagoda and back to non-Buddhist spirits. In the same building, all kinds of spirits are good company.
Vietnamese Buddhism, predominant Chinese influence (troi the Hon uu), belongs to the Mahayana (Great Vehicle).
The word Buddha (Sanskrit: Awakened) is in the vernacular Purpose (in terms of Sino- Vietnam: Da Phat Phat or, in the language Muong: Duke Goal, Goal cai). Far from being a supernatural being lost in the clouds, Goal lives among the people answered his call, rescues the poor. (Kem nang khieu)
Northern Buddhism (Bac Tong) was provided by Indian and Chinese missionaries. Three steps:
1) The Indian monk Vinaturic in 580; Phap pagoda Vân or Tri Phap. (Luy Lau), 19 generations.
2) The Chinese monk Ngôn Thong Vo (820), Phu Dong Pagoda vilage, 17 generations.
3) The Chinese monk Thao Duong (in 1069), Khai Quoc Pagoda (Thang Long, Hanoi), 6 generations.
These three streams are marked Zen (Thien, Dhyana) but also introduce Amidism (Tinh dô tong = The Pure Land of Amitabha) and Tantra (mast tong). If the Thien is reserved for scholars, Amidism suitable for people who simply go to the temple regularly to repeat the name of A di dà (amitaba). As for Tantra, it is tinged with magic and superstitions.
The 16th and 19th century, note the Lotus sect (Lien tôn) based in Ba Da Pagoda (Hanoi) and Lien Phai Pagoda (Hanoi).
Ly- Tran period (11th-14th century) underwent a major expansion of Buddhism. The sect Thien (Zen) is created by the Vietnamese King Tran Nhan Tong (1258-1368) which succeeded the patriarchs Phap Loa and Huyen Quan. Beautiful pagodas of this period are preserved: Phat tich, Dam (Bac Ninh), One Pillar Pagoda (Hanoi), Quynh Lam (Quang Ninh), Pho Minh (Nam Dinh).
By entering Vietnam, Buddhism Vietnamise. More Indian Buddha went from male to female state condition. The goddess Quan Am (Avalokitesvara) is an example. Without doubt, the social position of women in ancient matriarchal society of Vietnam is something in these metamorphoses (su bien hoa). We also love the Quan Nam Âm hated (South Sea), which protects browsers, along with the Mother Goddess Lieu Hanh, Man Nuong, Thi Kinh ...
In the North, the monks wear brown cassock; South, they prefer yellow (sometimes brown, blue) in the manner of mendicant monks in Laos or Cambodia.
Buddhism is well with Confucianism and Taoism. Despite cultural exchanges with the West in the 19th and 20th centuries, it remains a popular and traditional religion. It is compassion that shaped the spiritual core. The heart is more important than the external manifestations of worship. A proverb does he not say: "First, it is the worship at home, in the second place, the market and ultimately, to the pagoda?" The number of Buddhist pagoda attached completely totaled 3,000,000, of those attending the pagoda 10 million, supporters are much more numerous. The Buddhist Association of Vietnam brings together all the faithful of the land.