Area: 331 114 km2
Continental shelf: 1,000,000 km2
Population of over 87 million inhabitants in 2009
Terrestrial Coordinates: 102º10' -109º30 ' east longitude 8 º 30' -23 º 22' north latitude.
Vietnam has the shape of a dragon... It's also suggests an "S" with two large plains north and south and central isthmus. Located at the center of southeast Asia, it's bounded to the north by China, on the west by Laos and Cambodia, and opens to the east and south on the East Sea and the Pacific Ocean. But the Vietnamese often describe as a bamboo (a yoke) carrying a basket of rice at each end. Image quite realistic when we know that the two main cultivated areas are dotted with rice paddies Red River Delta (15,000km²) to the north and the Mekong Delta (60,000km²) to the south. From the north end to the south end, there are about 1,600km as the crow flies. The maximum width of territory north reaches 600km, 400km south and the minimum width is 50km in the region of Quang Binh. Vietnam is a crossroads for travel between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean. Vietnam is covered for three quarters of mountains and hills.
The hills and mountains represent three quarters of the territory of Vietnam. There are four main mountain regions.
The region of North East (Dong Bac or also called Viet Bac) extends from the valley of the Red River to the Gulf of Bac Bo. There are many well known as the caves of Tam Thanh scenic spots, Nhi Thanh (Lang Son), Pac Bo cave, falling Ban Gioc (Cao Bang), Lake Ba Be (Bac Can) Mount Yen Tu and Halong Bay (Quang Ninh). The highest peak in the North -East Tay Con Linh is: 2431m.
The Northeast region wester (Tay Bac) extends to the border with China to the west of the province of Thanh Hoa. This is a beautiful area with Sa Pa (Lao Cai) to 1500m altitude, a mountain resort and a place of contact with the inhabitants of ethnic Hmong, Dao, Kinh, Tay, Giay, Hoa Xa Pho ...The region is also home to the famous ancient battlefield Dien Bien Phu and Mount Phan Si Pan, 3143m, the highest point in Vietnam.
The Truong Son mountain range extends from North West Thanh Hoa to the mountainous region of Quang Nam -Da Nang. There are beautiful Phong Nha Cave (Quang Binh) and well-known collar Ngang (transversal Col) passes, the Hai Van Pass (Pass of Clouds)... In particular, the Ho Chi Minh Trail is known everyone for exploits Vietnamese during the second resistance.
The Truong Son mountain range located at the South West provinces of South Trung Bo. Following the mass, it's a vast region called Tay Nguyen (Central Highlands). This legendary region still has many secrets about the flora and fauna, especially on the unique culture of ethnic minorities. Dalat is a resort ideal established in the late 19th century.
Vietnam has two major deltas: the Red River Delta and the Mekong Delta.
The Red River Delta (Bac Bo plain) with an area of about 15,000 km2 is composed of alluvium carried by the Red River and Thai Binh River. It's the birthplace of the ancient Vietnamese civilization and irrigated rice.
The Mekong Delta (Nam Bo plain) with an area of some 36000km2 is very fertile and has a favorable climate. This is the largest rice granary of the country. Vietnamese territory is squared by thousands of rivers large and small dimensions. Along the coast, opens a embourchure about twenty kilometers, thus promoting inland waterway system . Both systems of major rivers are the Red River in the north and the Mekong (Cuu Long) in the South.
The coast of Vietnam stretches over 3260km. By along, you will find beautiful beaches like Tra Co, Sam Son, Lang Co, Non Nuoc, Nha Trang, Vung Tau, Ha Tien ... In some places, the mountains advance to the sea, forming picturesque bays such as Halong Bay recognized by UNESCO as World Heritage.
Vietnam has a number of major ports: Hai Phong, Da Nang, Qui Nhon, Cam Ranh, Vung Tau, Sai Gon ...
The country also has archipelagos composed of thousands of islands and islets scattered from north to south including those of Hoang Sa (Paracel) and Truong Sa (Spratly).
Forests and forest lands cover a large part of the territory. National reserves are protected by the state and have plans for sustainable development in environmental tourism. These precious forests are located in several locations across the country: Ba Vi (Ha Tay), Cat Ba (Hai Phong), Cuc Phuong (Ninh Binh), Bach Ma (Hue), Cat Tien (Dong Nai), Con Dao...
Vietnam is a country with mineral resources. Its subsoil contains valuable deposits of tin, zinc, silver, gold , antimony, precious stones, coal. Its continental shelf is rich in oil and natural gas.
The mineral springs are very abundant: Quang Hanh (Quang Ninh), Hoi Van (Binh Dinh), Vinh Hao (Binh Thuan), My Duc (Nha Trang), Kim Boi (Hoa Binh) ..
The islands located near the coast, they are often the cause of more or less serious conflicts with the People's Republic of China and other neighboring countries.